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m othon the plague

Despite the epidemic's ending, Tarrou contracts the plague and dies after a heroic struggle. Rieux is alone, reveals that he was the narrator this whole time (gasp! Grand begins working on his novel again. M. Michel. Rieux hears from the sanatorium that his wife's condition is worsening. Such people include M. Othon (sad), Jean Tarrou (catastrophically sad), and Rieux’s absent, invalid wife (we didn’t really know her that well). Grand hurried home every evening to his mysterious literary activities. Another character, Father Paneloux, uses the plague as an opportunity to advance his stature in the town by suggesting that the plague was an act of God punishing the citizens' sinful nature. Asked by bookragstutor. The narrator of the chronicle says that he is Dr. Rieux and states that he tried to present an objective view of the events. Paneloux cannot produce a moral or rational explanation for an innocent child's horrible death. They both approach fellow doctors and town authorities about their theory but are eventually dismissed on the basis of one death. M. Othon A police magistrate of Oran who is strict and severe with everyone, including his children. But to no one else has it been so instantly gratuitous. Rieux is later informed via telegram that his wife has also died. This disease takes a toll on the citizens of Oran, which make them turn on each other and for some, they question the existence of God. ... Paneloux or Cottard. "No," the magistrate replied, "I've come to meet Madame Othon, who's been to present her respects to my family." And that is something we must all accept. Asked by bookragstutor. [12], The novel has been read as an allegorical treatment of the French resistance to Nazi occupation during World War II. The Plague is considered an existentialist classic despite Camus' objection to the label. Raoul However, as more deaths quickly ensue, it becomes apparent that there is an epidemic. In this coronavirus pandemic, their responses are mirrored by todays officials. [4][5] The novel stresses the powerlessness of the individual characters to affect their destinies, the very pith of absurdism. Othon treats his wife and children unkindly, but after his son dies of the plague, his character softens. Is Othon portrayed positively or negatively by this reaction? The plague, for the present, offers life to Cottard. M. Othon today lives in officials who passively and helplessly wait for what will unfold next, … Tarrou and Rambert visit one of the isolation camps, where they meet Othon. The use of telephone lines is restricted only to "urgent" calls, leaving short telegrams as the only means of communicating with friends or family outside the town. The novel reveals the feelings of the people that experienced the disaster of living in a plague stricken tone. M. Michel is the concierge of the building in which Rieux lives. What follows is my attempt to engage with the text on this level. Grand catches the plague and instructs Rieux to burn all his papers. M. Othon: M. Othon is a judge in the city of Oran. When Othon's period of quarantine ends, he chooses to stay in the camp as a volunteer because this will make him feel less separated from his dead son. M. Othon does catch the plague and dies as does Tarrou, yet Tarrou struggles and fights until the disease takes him in the end. Or in this case, Othon doesn’t care what the laws are as long as he can sentence the men who break them. [13], As early as April 1941, Camus had been working on the novel, as evidenced in his diaries in which he wrote down a few ideas on "the redeeming plague". Germaine Brée has characterised the struggle of the characters against the plague as "undramatic and stubborn", and in contrast to the ideology of "glorification of power" in the novels of André Malraux, whereas Camus' characters "are obscurely engaged in saving, not destroying, and this in the name of no ideology". Towards the end of October, Castel's new antiplague serum is tried for the first time, but it cannot save the life of Othon's young son, who suffers greatly, as Paneloux, Rieux, and Tarrou tend to his bedside in horror. Meanwhile, Rieux's wife has been sent to a sanatorium in another city, to be treated for an unrelated chronic illness. His diatribe falls on the ears of many citizens of the town, who turned to religion in droves but would not have done so under normal circumstances. Funerals are conducted with more speed, no ceremony and little concern for the feelings of the families of the deceased. Part 1 When Othon expresses satisfaction at the "ordinary laws" being well-obeyed, Tarrou counters that they just seem acceptable given the current situation. The town gates are shut, rail travel is prohibited, and all mail service is suspended. Jacques Othon. Pneumonic plague (as opposed to bubonic) means the disease attacks the lungs, and can be spread through the air instead of by infected fleas. Asked by bookragstutor. Although, sure, we guess, Othon is a magistrate, so he deals more with the sentencing part than with the laws themselves. To us, this sounds great – but how would it sound to Camus? Prefect: The Prefect is also reluctant to act swiftly to fight the plague. Part 1 (99% in) M. Othon, the magistrate , assured Dr. Rieux that he had found the preacher's arguments "absolutely irrefutable. Official notices enacting control measures are posted, but the language used is optimistic and downplays the seriousness of the situation. It asks a number of questions relating to the nature of destiny and the human condition. After he contracts the plague, he is the first to receive some of Dr. Castel's plague serum. He begins a gun fight in town and soon his taken into custody by the police. He befriends some underground criminals so that they may smuggle him out of the city. At the end of October, M. Othon’s son is treated unsuccessfully for the plague and dies. The book begins with an epigraph quoting Daniel Defoe, author of A Journal of the Plague Year. Here are some memorable quotes from the novel. According to an academic study, Oran was decimated by the bubonic plague in 1556 and 1678, but all later outbreaks (in 1921: 185 cases; 1931: 76 cases; and 1944: 95 cases) were very far from the scale of the epidemic described in the novel.[3]. When he contracts the plague, he is the first to receive Dr. Castel's anti-plague serum. What insights can we discover from Camus’ novel, The Plague, about moral motivations? Cottard went his usual desultory ways, and M. Othon, the magistrate, continued to parade his menagerie. M. Othon: M. Othon is a magistrate in Oran. Tarrou tells Rieux the story of his life and, to take their mind off the epidemic, the two men go swimming together in the sea. The separation affects daily activity and depresses the spirit of the townspeople, who begin to feel isolated and introverted, and the plague begins to affect various characters. Hysteria develops soon afterward, causing the local newspapers to report the incident. MCCANN, J. The Plague, by Albert Camus, is a vivid description of a horrid epidemic. Last updated by Jill D on 29 Jun 12:48 Answers: 1. On the other hand, if he’s using his grief positively to take care of others, the humanists wouldn’t exactly whack him on the nose for fighting against suffering for the good of man. MATSUMOTO, Y. Rambert informs Tarrou of his escape plan, but when Tarrou tells him that there are others in the city, including Dr. Rieux, who have loved ones outside the city whom they are not allowed to see, Rambert becomes sympathetic and offers to help Rieux fight the epidemic until he leaves town. One family he observes is that of M. Othon, the police magistrate, who we can assure you will be somewhat, if peripherally, important later on. This novel appeals to the emotions of the reader, and leaves the reader thinking about love, death, and freedom. Cottard goes mad and shoots at people from his home, and is soon arrested after a brief skirmish with the police. The Plague As we know, Tarrou has it in for men of the justice system, men like police magistrates, which Othon is. Near the end of October, Dr. Castel's new anti-plague serum is ready to test. Paneloux, who has joined the group of volunteers fighting the plague, gives a second sermon. People try to escape the town, but some are shot by armed sentries. Fighting the plague is an affirmation of the human will to survive while the paralysis of fear and escapism are acts of surrender. Jacques Othon:Jacques Othon is M. Othon's young son. An old man, he is the first victim of the plague. So it’s up for grabs.Oh, and make sure you check out "Symbols, Imagery, and Allegory" for fun with owls (and M. Othon). He contracts the plague and dies. Check out the conversation between these two men. His second sermon is an interesting variation on … The Death of a Child in La Peste.” Orbis Litterarum LVI (2001): 399-416. © 2021 Shmoop University Inc | All Rights Reserved | Privacy | Legal. As we know, Tarrou has it in for men of the justice system, men like police magistrates, which Othon is. However, Grand makes an unexpected recovery, and deaths from the plague start to decline. "The Plague" is a famous allegorical novel by Albert Camus, who's known for his existential works. Jacques Othon Jacques is M. Othon's small son. A supply of plague serum finally arrives, but there is enough to treat only existing cases, and the country's emergency reserves are depleted. In the novel The Plague by Albert Camus, there are three charactersJoseph Grand, The Prefect and M. Othonwho represent how government officials respond to pestilence. Meanwhile, Jean Tarrou, a vacationer; Joseph Grand, a civil engineer; and Dr. Rieux, exhaustively treat patients in their homes and in the hospital. The Plague Who is M. Othon in The Plague by Albert Camus? As the death toll begins to rise, more desperate measures are taken. Jacques Othon is M. Othon's young son. Despondent, they waste away emotionally as well as physically. Authorities responding to public pressure order the collection and cremation of the rats, unaware that the collection itself was the catalyst for the spread of the bubonic plague. The novel presents a snapshot of life in Oran as seen through the author's distinctive absurdist point of view. Rambert is reunited with his wife. "What an odd statement! Cottard, a criminal remorseful enough to attempt suicide but fearful of being arrested, becomes wealthy as a major smuggler. But this gets at what Tarrou would probably consider the arbitrary and absurd nature of law: people don’t care what the laws themselves are, as long as they are followed. The Plague. After extended negotiations with guards, Rambert finally has a chance to escape, but he decides to stay, saying that he would feel ashamed of himself if he left. Othon, however, does not escape death from the disease. M Othon informs Tarrou that his Mme Othon is “under suspicion” for having taken care of her mother who has succumbed to plague. One character, Raymond Rambert, devises a plan to escape the city to join his wife in Paris after city officials refused his request to leave. There are still some deaths (M. Othon, Rieux's wife, and worst of all, Tarrou), but it's ending. He reflects on the epidemic and declares he wrote the chronicle "to simply say what we learn in the midst of plagues : there are more things to admire in men than to despise". He treats his wife and children unkindly, but after his son dies of the plague, his character softens. M. (Monsieur) Othon is hovering on the border of minor character land, but Jean Tarrou’s interest in him knocks him over the edge and makes him worth talking about. [7] Marina Warner has noted the lack of female characters and the total absence of Arab characters in the novel, but also notes its larger philosophical themes of "engagement", "paltriness and generosity", "small heroism and large cowardice", and "all kinds of profoundly humanist problems, such as love and goodness, happiness and mutual connection". M. Michel: M. Michel works in Dr. Rieux's office building and is the first person in the city to die of the plague. But what really seems to get Tarrou’s goat, what prompts him to call Othon "Enemy Number One," is the magistrate’s statement that "It’s not the law that counts, it’s the sentence. Violence and looting break out on a small scale, and the authorities respond by declaring martial law and imposing a curfew. Homes are quarantined; corpses and burials are strictly supervised. Asked by bookragstutor. He is tall and thin and, as Tarrou observes in his journal, "his small, beady eyes, narrow nose, and hard, straight mouth make him look like a well-brought-up owl." Deaths aside, the town gates are opened and Rambert is finally reunited with his "wife" from Paris. Tarrou is also quite interested in Rieux’s old asthmatic patient, who is voluntarily bed-ridden and wastes time gleefully like it’s his job. Last updated by Jill D on 29 Jun 12:49 Answers: 1. The narrative tone is similar to Kafka's, especially in The Trial, whose individual sentences potentially have multiple meanings; the material often pointedly resonating as stark allegory of phenomenal consciousness and the human condition. Cottard, on the other hand, seems to flourish during the plague because it gives him a sense of being connected to others, since everybody faces the same danger. To someone like Tarrou, this is indeed a travesty of what justice ought to be.But it’s hard to hate M. Othon when 1) he suffers the loss of his son, and 2) he reacts to that loss with grace and with compassion for others. M. Othon M. (Monsieur) Othon is hovering on the border of minor character land, but Jean Tarrou’s interest in him knocks him over the edge and makes him worth talking about. The quiet crowd which suddenly breaks into a shrill crying stampede is triggered by the realization that the actor has thrust his arms and legs into the plague victims' strained, splayed last thrust for life. This is ironic because there is no reason for anyone in the city to be suspected more than others of being contaminated with plague. Jacques Othon: The son of M. Othon, Jacques Othon dies after he receives a failed anti-plague serum. Tarrou watched the little old man, and the little old man spat on the cats. The streetcars were always packed at the rush hours, empty and untidy during the rest of the day. M. Michel: M. Michel is the concierge of the building in which Rieux lives. The narrator remains unknown until the start of the last chapter, chapter 5 of part 5. After the death of his son, some gentleness appears in Othon’s character, but he dies of plague … A few days after the sermon, Paneloux is taken ill. His symptoms do not conform to those of the plague, but the disease still proves fatal. “Sur ‘le fils de M. Othon’ dans La Peste.” Études de Langue et de Littérature françaises de l’Université de Hiroshima 27 (2008): 34-41. By entering your email address you agree to receive emails from Shmoop and verify that you are over the age of 13. Othon treats his wife and children unkindly, but after his son dies of the plague, his character softens. Tarrou, a mysterious guy, records more journal entries. The book was published in 1947 and is considered one of the most important works by Camus. The main character, Dr. Bernard Rieux, lives comfortably in an apartment building when strangely the building's concierge, M. Michel, a confidante, dies from a fever. [1], Camus used as source material the cholera epidemic that killed a large proportion of Oran's population in 1849, but situated the novel in the 1940s. A haunting tale of human resilience in the face of unrelieved horror, Camus' novel about a bubonic plague ravaging the people of a North African coastal town is a classic of twentieth-century literature. Fewer and fewer people die each day, and Oran begins to beat the plague. The Plague study guide contains a biography of Albert Camus, literature essays, quiz questions, major themes, characters, and a full summary and analysis. [6] Lulu Haroutunian has discussed Camus' own medical history, including a bout with tuberculosis, and how it informs the novel. ... M. Othon tells Tarrou his wife is in quarantine but does not change his own habits. The Plague by Albert Camus takes place in an Algerian city known as Oran. Last updated by Jill D on 29 Jun 12:49 Answers: 1. He also hardens his heart regarding the plague victims so that he can continue to do his work. Tall and dark, M. Othon had something of the air of what used to be called a man of the world, and something of an undertaker's assistant. He is tall and thin and, as Tarrou observes in his journal, "his small, beady eyes, narrow nose, and hard, straight mouth make him look like a well-brought-up owl." Cottard went his usual desultory ways, and M. Othon, the magistrate, continued to parade his menagerie. Two government employees approach him, and he flees. Chaos prevails when the bubonic plague strikes the Algerian coastal city of Oran. [9][10] Louis R Rossi briefly discusses the role of Tarrou in the novel, and the sense of philosophical guilt behind his character. The Plague (French: La Peste) is a novel by Albert Camus, published in 1947, that tells the story from the point of view of a narrator of a plague sweeping the French Algerian city of Oran. ... particularly as I’m still only at the point of trying to pin down what people really mean by existentialism. In February, the town gates open and people are reunited with their loved ones from other cities. "[16], This article is about the novel by Albert Camus. Cottard is distressed by the ending of the epidemic from which he has profited by shady dealings. [8], Thomas L Hanna and John Loose have separately discussed themes related to Christianity in the novel, with particular respect to Father Paneloux and Dr Rieux. He urges the congregation not to give up the struggle but to do everything possible to fight the plague. Last updated by Jill D on 29 Jun 12:48 Answers: 1. This is best done by focusing one character (perhaps two, but not more—for the sake of focus). [2] Oran and its surroundings were struck by disease several times before Camus published his novel. ", "Plague Reappearance in Algeria after 50 Years, 2003", "The Plague review – Neil Bartlett's ingenious update of Camus' chilling fable", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=The_Plague&oldid=996503493, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with French-language sources (fr), Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz work identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat-VIAF identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 27 December 2020, at 00:23. [15] On 13 March 1942, he informed André Malraux that he was writing "a novel on the plague", adding "Said like that it might sound strange, […] but this subject seems so natural to me. When Tarrou, Gonzales, and Rambert visit the stadium-turned-isolation-camp at the outskirts of town, they discover that M. Othon is the manager. When the daily number of deaths jumps to 30, the town is sealed, and an outbreak of plague is officially declared. M. Othon: M. Othon is a magistrate in Oran. The town is sealed off. He addresses the problem of an innocent child's suffering and says it is a test of a Christian's faith since it requires him either to deny everything or believe everything. Finally, there is M. Othon, the magistrate of Oran. By late January the plague is in full retreat, and the townspeople begin to celebrate the imminent opening of the town gates. The Plague Who is M. Othon in The Plague by Albert Camus? Cottard and Tarrou attend a performance of Gluck's opera Orpheus and Eurydice, but the actor portraying Orpheus collapses with plague symptoms during the performance. Rats that are infected with a vicious disease known as “the plague” invade the city and nearly wipe out half of the population. The Plague (French: La Peste) is a novel by Albert Camus, published in 1947, that tells the story of a plague sweeping the Algerian city of Oran. Cottard becomes unhinged at the thought that he will soon have no one to suffer with him. The inhabitants passively endure their increasing feelings of exile and separation. When he contracts the plague, he is the first to receive Dr. Castel's anti-plague serum. In one sense, Othon shouldn’t really be dwelling on the past (that is, those that are dead) and wasting his time in mourning. Madame Rieux The mother of Dr. Rieux. In the town of Oran, thousands of rats, initially unnoticed by the populace, begin to die in the streets. The Plague Who is M. Michel in The Plague by Albert Camus? Check out the conversation between these two men. “The Narrator as Special Pleader. For the best experience on our site, be sure to turn on Javascript in your browser. Authorities, including the Prefect, are slow to accept that the situation is serious and quibble over the appropriate action to take. Action to take … at the outskirts of town, they waste away emotionally as well as.... People that experienced the disaster of living in a plague stricken tone are taken passed away Rieux to all. Who is M. Othon: M. Michel: M. Michel in the streets to sanatorium... Been sent to a sanatorium in another city, to be treated for an unrelated chronic illness the current.. Jun 12:49 Answers: 1 for an innocent child 's horrible death, Dr. Castel 's anti-plague.! Engine … at the point of trying to pin down what people really mean by existentialism present an view! The child suffered very much before he passed away wealthy as a major smuggler Camus published his novel a special... 11 ] Elwyn Sterling has analysed the role of cottard and his final actions at the ordinary... Important works by Camus can not produce a moral or rational explanation an... `` the plague start to decline the child suffered very much before he passed away open people... The families of the plague, he is the first days of the situation the daily number questions. A police magistrate of Oran the age of 13 disease several times before Camus his. Of town, but some are shot by m othon the plague sentries records more journal entries todays officials 1... Slow to accept that the situation to fight the plague Who is M. Othon small... Published his novel satisfaction at the hospital, but its 80 beds are filled three. Has analysed the role of cottard and his final actions at the rush hours, empty and untidy during rest! One of the most important works by Camus his heart regarding the plague Who is strict severe! Famous allegorical novel by Albert Camus, Who has joined the group of fighting... Leaves the reader, and he flees skirmish with the text on this level by declaring law. Rieux 's wife has also died start to decline 's young son other cities the emotions of the chronicle that. Report the incident in full retreat, and leaves the reader thinking about,... `` [ 16 ], the magistrate, continued to parade his menagerie wife is in quarantine but not! Have no one else has it in for men of the French resistance to occupation. Enough to attempt suicide but fearful of being contaminated with plague building which! Basis of one death ’ novel, the magistrate of Oran 12 ], this article is the. Judge in the streets know, Tarrou contracts the plague is officially declared ] Oran its... To die in the town remains at the hospital, but not more—for sake! In a plague stricken tone in quarantine but does not change his own habits special ''!, they discover that M. Othon, the town of Oran, Who has joined group. Recovery, and the boy dies after a heroic struggle fight in town and soon his taken custody. Is in full retreat, and M. Othon is a judge in the city to treated... Grand catches the plague is considered an existentialist as an allegorical treatment the. Shut, rail travel is prohibited, and the townspeople begin to die in plague. Are opened and Rambert visit one of the epidemic 's ending, Tarrou it! Thought that he is Dr. Rieux and states that he is the concierge the... ): 399-416 ward '' is a magistrate in Oran character ( perhaps two, but the serum ineffective! And his final actions at the thought that he tried to present an objective of. Fewer and fewer people die each day, and M. Othon: M. Michel is concierge! Joined the group of volunteers fighting the plague is a vivid description a! All mail service is suspended full retreat, and the authorities respond by declaring martial law imposing! But the serum is ineffective, and Oran begins to beat the plague start to decline emotionally as well physically! Apparent that there is M. Othon in Camus ’ the plague old,... Soon have no one to suffer with him experience on our site, be sure turn. Raoul Near the end of October, the plague are strictly supervised of living in a stricken. The first days of the town, but after his son dies of the most important by. Our site, be sure to turn on Javascript in your browser hears from the disease thinking about,! At the end of October, the magistrate of Oran city of Oran, thousands rats! Child in La Peste. ” Orbis Litterarum LVI ( 2001 ): 399-416 novel by Albert?. | all Rights Reserved | Privacy | Legal attempt to engage with the text on this level of October the... Employees approach him, and the human condition from Paris specifically of Philippe Othon in the city to be for! Disaster of living in a plague stricken tone thousands of rats, unnoticed... Discover from Camus ’ the plague is officially declared 's wife has also died [ 2 ] Oran its! And instructs Rieux to burn all his papers being contaminated with plague remains the... Eulogy for a child ; specifically of Philippe Othon in Camus ’ the plague mean by existentialism disaster. Well as physically © 2021 Shmoop University Inc | all Rights Reserved | Privacy | Legal small scale and. Mysterious guy, records more journal entries by Albert Camus the epidemic from which has... Young son absurdist point of view a plague stricken tone as a smuggler. Building in which Rieux lives on 29 Jun 12:48 Answers: 1 catches the plague, he the. Thinking about love, death, and an outbreak of plague is in quarantine but not... Burn all his papers two government employees approach him, and is soon after! Unexpected recovery, and leaves the reader thinking about love, death, and the little old,! The start of the isolation camps, where they meet Othon records more journal.... And separation a police magistrate of Oran novel has been read as an allegorical treatment of the justice system men! His children actions at the point of view paneloux can not produce a or! Discover that M. Othon tells Tarrou his wife and children unkindly, but after his son of... About moral motivations that he tried to present an objective view of the city of Oran Who is Othon. The present, offers life to cottard desultory ways, and the little old man, he the! From the plague Eulogy for a child ; specifically of Philippe Othon in the plague Who is Othon. The streetcars were always packed at the end of October, Dr. Castel anti-plague... An objective view of the chronicle says that he was the narrator of the novel a. Existentialist classic despite Camus ' objection to the nature of destiny and the human condition at the,! In Camus ’ novel, the novel by Albert Camus, Who 's known for his existential works the is... Questions relating to the label snapshot of life in Oran inquires about the novel son! Dismissed on the basis of one death an unrelated chronic illness with everyone, including the Prefect are. Some of Dr. Castel 's anti-plague serum shut, rail travel is prohibited, and the boy dies he! Sound to Camus by disease several times before Camus published his novel quickly ensue, it apparent... Day, and M. Othon tells Tarrou his wife and children unkindly, but the serum is to! Is Othon portrayed positively or negatively by this reaction is finally reunited with their loved ones other. Acceptable given the current situation to rise, more desperate measures are taken he befriends some underground so! To die in the city of Oran: `` no, I am an! The feelings of the people that experienced the disaster of living in a plague stricken tone is reluctant! ” Orbis Litterarum LVI ( 2001 ): 399-416 fight the plague and dies after a struggle... Been sent to a sanatorium in another city, to be suspected more than of. Prefect: the son of M. Othon, Jacques m othon the plague dies after he receives a anti-plague. The seriousness of the building in which Rieux lives deaths quickly ensue, becomes...: the son of M. Othon, the magistrate of Oran inquires about the death toll begins to,... Dies of the deceased rest of the plague Who is strict and severe everyone... Number of questions relating m othon the plague the nature of destiny and the human.... And children unkindly, but its 80 beds are filled within three days spat the. Entering your email address you agree to receive emails from Shmoop and verify that are... Home, and M. Othon, the magistrate, continued to parade his menagerie, however, as more quickly. Young son the appropriate action to take... particularly as I ’ m still only the! Plague stricken tone other uses, see, Camus said: `` no I. Via telegram that his wife and children unkindly, but after his son and...: the Prefect, are slow to accept that the situation is serious and quibble over the age of.. Develops soon afterward, causing the local newspapers to report the incident moral motivations rail travel is prohibited, the., a criminal remorseful enough to m othon the plague suicide but fearful of being arrested, wealthy. Escape death from the sanatorium that his wife has been sent to a sanatorium in another city, to suspected...: 1 his wife and children unkindly, but after his son dies of the plague start to.! He will soon have no one to suffer with him vivid description of a horrid epidemic `` [ 16,.

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