5. Also … Every year between September 15th and October 15, Americans join together to honor the contributions of–and the diversity and culture within–Hispanic communities. By Viveca Novak Monday, Aug. 22, 2005. Throughout the past four decades, Huerta continued her fight to improve the often-overlooked plight of migrant farm workers. This was far from Ochoaâs humble beginnings in La Mesa, California, where she lived with her single mother and three brothers. 10. The case paved the way for the more well-known Brown v. Board of Education case less than ten years later. Ricky Martin. Eventually settling in San Diego, Herrera graduated from high school and received a scholarship to UCLA. Hispanic Achievement and Latino Achievement are presented in this sixth program on Hispanic Heroes and Colonial History. Clemente was killed in a tragic plane crash while delivering supplies to Nicaragua after an earthquake; he was determined to accompany the supplies himself after the first three flights were diverted by corrupted officials and never reached the victims of the earthquake. She is most known for her work "Respuesta a Sor Filotea," which argued for a woman's right to education. Nydia Velazquez – 1st Puerto Rican elected to Congress. Students can use a biography skill sheet to organize the information they learn about each historical figure. He champions Hispanic peoples rights through his reporting, and is a staunch advocate of increasing literacy among Hispanic Americans. She worked herself up from the bottom, starting as a representativeâs aide. Rodolfo Gonzalez grew up in a tough Denver neighborhood during the Great Depression, which took an especially heavy toll on Mexican Americans. Read Related: Remembering Hispanic War Heroes on Memorial Day. Der Begriff wurde in den 1970er Jahren von der Regierung der USA geprägt. Gonzalez devoted the rest of his life to teaching cultural identity, focusing on building self esteem among discriminated people. Celebrate Hispanic Heritage Month with These 5 Heroes Making Modern Military History. Chavez famously organized and led what is considered the most successful boycott in U.S. history–over 17 million Americans participated in the Delano grape strike and boycott, leading to an agreement guaranteeing field workers' right to unionize, better working conditions, and access to health care and pensions. Velazquez holds the honor of being the most current women on the list as she still serves in the US House of Representatives, a position sheâs held for fifteen years. Today, her image appears on Mexican currency and she is considered the first feminist author of the New World. Rate. She recalls a childhood where politics were always discussed at the dinner table, usually focused on workerâs rights. 7. 4. Other Latin American countries also celebrate their independence around that date, with Mexico celebrating on September 16, Chile on September 18, and Belize on September 21. She also served as Director of the NASA Johnson Space Center, becoming the first Hispanic and second woman to do so. Then search for "Hispanic American history timeline" and see how even those sites are amazingly deficient. Gurspan is considered one of the leading young voices for queer Hispanics. Sonia Sotomayor. In 2015, Herrera was named poet laureate, one of literatureâs most distinctive honors. In 1993, Ochoa became made history when she served on a 9-day mission into space aboard the shuttle Discovery. Since then, she has built her reputation on being … Named one of TIME's 25 most influential people in America, Pablo Alvarado is often called the Çesar Chavez of day workers. . Rate. Ricky Martin might be best known as a singer, with hits including Livin’ La Vida Loca - but he’s also an outspoken supporter of the Hispanic and LGBT communities. 2006 Emergence of a Unique Hispanic Culture (1959 - 1968) 0. Raffi Freedman-Gurspan is a Honduran transgender rights activist. In English Alberto Gonzales . InÃªs de la Cruz studied to be a nun at an early age, mainly so she could devote her life to studying without the disruptions of a âfixed occupation.â She spent the rest of her life in Mexico City, where she composed poetry and prose in a variety of genres. In 1990, NASA chose Ochoa to become an astronaut, serving as a crew representative for flight software and robotics. This group went on to organize the famous strike by California grape pickers that led to 26 companies agreeing to improve working conditions. Or perhaps go on an. The 21st U.S. Simpson Trial. She was born circa November 12, 1651 in San Miguel Nepantla, Tepetlixpa, Mexico and showed early signs of extreme intelligence, such as learning to read at the age of three. 9. After becoming a successful professional boxer, Gonzalez retired in 1955 to write poetry. In 2009 Sotomayor would make history as the first Latina to become a U.S. Supreme Court Justice. Tweet; Prev Next View All. A longtime advocate for human rights, gender equality, and LGBTQ+ people, Gurspan also served as a policy adviser for the National Center for Transgender Equality, leading justice initiatives focused on low-income and transgender people of color. Larrazolo came to Arizona in 1875 with Reverend J.B. Salpointe, who taught Larrazolo theology. He became the first Chicano to receive the award. In 1945, Army Private FÃ©lix Longoria was killed by a Japanese sniper in the Philippines. Born in 1859 in Allende, in the Mexican state of Chihuahua, Octaviano Larrazolo would go on to influence US thinking on Hispanic issues. You might wonder why Hispanic Heritage Month runs from September 15 to October 15, rather than the beginning of the month. Demi's Hispanic roots (she is of Mexican descent) has compelled her to speak out about issues regarding immigration, and she works closely with organizations to help those who are affected by the decision to end the DACA program. Number eight on our list basically invented feminism, NBD. Octaviano Larrazolo – 1st elected Hispanic US senator. In 2009, Sonia Sotomayor was sworn in as the 111th Justice of the Supreme Court, the first-ever Hispanic and first Latina woman to carry the title. She is known for her calls of reform to the criminal justice system and her dissents on issues regarding race, gender, and ethnic identity. To honor Hispanic Heritage Month, here are some lesser-known heroes that brought positive change to their communities: 1. On April 8, 1993, Ellen Ochoa became the first Hispanic woman in the world to go into space. Despierta Leyendo (Wake Up Reading) is one of the fruits of his labor—the first Book Club in the history of Hispanic television. She also cofounded the National Farm Worker's Association with Chavez, and popularized the slogan "Sí, se puede" ("Yes, we can") around her organizing. Still, he considered his best roles the ones off the stage. Since that ground-, or sky-, breaking moment, Ochoa has gone on a further three space flights, logging 1,000 hours in space in total. He later earned a masterâs degree from Stanford and an MFA from the renowned Iowa Writerâs Workshop. Born in 1859 in Allende, in the Mexican state of Chihuahua, Octaviano Larrazolo would go on to influence US thinking on Hispanic issues. Home U.S. With our physical, So Iâm supposed to share a few memes and overplayed jokes about how shitty this year has been. In 1979, he was nominated by President Carter to be the Secretary of the Navy and one big goal of his was to recruit more Hispanic-Americans into the Navy. He was then elected to the Senate in 1928, becoming the first Hispanic to accomplish such a feat. Octaviano Larrazolo – 1st elected Hispanic US senator. His advocacy on behalf of Japanese Americans led to the Civil Liberties Act of 1988, where the US officially apologized for the internment camps. A Mexican-American, Chavez was supported by the American labor movement and used a nonviolent, unionized approach in an effort to bring awareness to the struggle of the Hispanic farm workers across the nation but particularly in California and Florida. InÃ©s de la Cruz is perhaps best known for her work, Respuesta a Sor Filotea, which argued for educational access for women. 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